The churches of old cairo

The churches of old Cairo INTRODUCTION Cairo has been the capital of Egypt for more than one thousand years, but the actual city and history of Cairo are the legacy of many previous capitals of Egypt, of great cultural centers and successive civilizations founded there. The earliest was a predynastic settle­ment dating from the 4th […]

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The Art of Coptic Churches

The Art of Coptic Churches WE WENT TO THE CHURCH while the elders of the monastery went with us. There were pictures of monks on the wall of the place, representing our monastic fathers: Antony the Great and Apa Pachom and Apa Paule and Apa Makarios.21 These were on one side and the archbishops of […]

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Liturgy of the Monastery of al-Muharraq

Liturgy of the Monastery of al-Muharraq The Monastery of al-Muharraq has special peculiarities in its liturgical practice.[1] For example, the term used there for ‘hymn’ is different from all other manuscripts: luhunat, rather than alhan. There are even differences in the musical instruments, as the monks of the Monastery of al-Muharraq use, in addition to […]

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The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq

The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq, Mount Qusqam: Reflections of Its Monks Today Introduction The value of ancient monuments, sometimes, is not in the material they are made of, but rather in their living heritage and ancestral spirit.[1] How much more it is if these were blessed by the Lord himself, such […]

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The History of Christianity in Egypt

The History of Christianity in Egypt THE TERM COPT COMES DIRECTLY FROM THE ARABIC QBT, which appears to derive from the Greek aigyptos (Egypt) / aigyptioi (Egyptians), a phonetic corruption of the ancient Egyptian word Hikaptah, one of the names of Memphis. Initially the word described a non-Arabic-speaking non-Muslim. By implication, a Copt was also […]

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The Church of St. Pshoi, view to the central altar room.

The Monastery of St. Pshoi (WADI AL-NATRUN)

The Monastery of St. Pshoi (WADI AL-NATRUN) SAINT PSHOI WAS A FOURTHCENTURY ANCHORITE living in Wadi al-Natrun. After a Berber raid, he fled to a place near the city of Antinoe (Middle Egypt) where he died at the beginning of the fifth century. In the ninth century, his relics were brought back to the monastery […]

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The high priest Aaron (right) and his brother Moses, receiving the Tablets of the Law (east part of octagon). A deesis (Christ accompanied by his mother Mary and St. John the Baptist, both interceding for mankind) is painted below.

The Monastery of St. Macarius (WADI AL-NATRUN)

The Monastery of St. Macarius (WADI AL-NATRUN) THE FOUNDING FATHER OF THE MONASTERY ST. MACARIUS (Anba Maqar, ca. 300-390) was one of the first hermits in Wadi al-Natrun. According to his vita, a cherub took him by the hand and showed him the place where he should build cells and a church. This site must […]

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The Church of St. Menas (FUMMAL-KHALIG)

The Church of St. Menas (FUMMAL-KHALIG) THE CHURCH OF ST. MENAS (MARI MINA) is significant in that it provides evidence for the expansion of churches north of Babylon and al-Fustat long before the foundation of Fatimid Cairo. It is located between Old Cairo and Historic or Fatimid Cairo, north of the medieval aqueduct, off al-Sadd […]

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Theology And Liturgy Bibliography

THEOLOGY AND LITURGY BIBLIOGRAPHY Abdallah, Alfonso. L’ordinamento Liturgico di Gabriele V-88 Patriarca Copto. Cairo: Ain Shams Press, 1962. ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Mas‘udi. Al-Khuulaji al-Muqaddas. Cairo: n.p., 1902. Alcock, Antony. The Life of Saint Samuel of Kalamun by Isaac the Presbyter. London: Aris & Philips, 1983. Allen, Pauline, and C. Datema. “Leontius presbyter of Constantinople.” Byzantina […]

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