Beheirah

Coptic Community Council

COPTIC COMMUNITY COUNCIL A council made up of laymen to take part in the administration of community affairs. With the emergence of the Coptic church from its declining circumstances under the successive waves of persecution in the Middle Ages, its reawakening in modern times was associated with various attempts at reform. The first and most …

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CYRIL V

CYRIL V The 112th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1874-1927). He was born at the village of Tizmant in Bani Suef Province, in 1824, and was known as Hanna al-Nasikh (the calligrapher) because of his beautiful handwriting. At the age of twenty he entered DAYR AL- BARAMUS in Wadi al-Natrun. He was elevated …

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Roman Army

ROMAN ARMY Roman troops were already present in Egypt when the country was still ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy XII Auletes, who had been driven from his throne by the Alexandrian opposition, would hardly have been able to reenter Egypt without the military aid of the Roman legate Aulus Gabinius (55 B.C.). Since that …

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Saint John Kama

SAINT JOHN KAMA (feast day: 25 Kiyahk). The ninth-century John Kama was born in the village of Jebromonnonson in the nome of Sais, in the Delta. This village name has not survived, but it could be identical with Shubra Wasim in the markaz (district) of Kom Hamadah in the modern province of Beheirah. He is …

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Khirbitah

KHIRBITAH A town located on the western edge of the Egyptian Delta about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Kom Hamadah in the Beheirah Province. In Greek the town was known as Andropolis. Coptic sources from the pre-Arabic period do not mention Christians or churches in Khirbitah, but the fact that the town was a …

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Laqqanah

LAQQANAH A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 7 miles (11 km) east of Damanhur in the Beheirah Province. Laqqanah was a bishopric by 1145 when Bishop Ya‘qub al-Qari’ of the town was one of a number of men who attempted to make Yunis ibn Kadran patriarch. In 1257 Bishop John of Laqqanah was …

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Benjamin I

BENJAMIN I The thirty-eighth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (622- 661). He was born about 590 at Barshut, a village in the province of Beheirah in the western Delta. Benjamin was undoubtedly one of the greatest patriarchs of the Coptic church. He lived through the tremendous upheavals of the Persian invasion (619-629) and …

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Patriarchal Election

PATRIARCHAL ELECTION The Coptic Orthodox church is an apostolic church, and its first patriarchs were selected from a limited number of priests of whom the first group of twelve were appointed to help ANIANUS (68-85), who succeeded Saint Mark as second bishop of Alexandria. According to Sa‘id IBN AL-BITRIQ, the tenth-century Melchite patriarch also known …

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Fishah

FISHAH An earlier name of the Egyptian town now known as Fishah Balkhah, which is located in the province of Beheirah in the district of al-Mahmudiyyah in the northwest Delta. The SYNAXARION states in its commemoration of Apa PIDJIMI (11 Kiyahk) that this monk hailed from Fshah. After Pidjimi had lived in Scetis for more …

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Metropolitan Sees

METROPOLITAN SEES The ancient privileges of the See of Alexandria, as confirmed by the sixth canon of the Council of NICAEA (325), placed the provinces of Egypt, Libya, and the Pentapolis in Cyrenaica under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Alexandria, although these provinces had their own metropolitans. Ancient and Medieval Times The Metropolitan See …

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