basilica

Makhurah (Mareotis)

MAKHURAH (Mareotis) A small late Roman settlement on the Mediterranean coast about 10 miles (16 km) west of ABUSIR (Taposiris Magna). Up to now the significance of the place has not been ascertained. Apart from two large churches, there are only a few domestic buildings within the surrounding wall, and the people that lived in …

Makhurah (Mareotis) Read More »

Nubian Christian Architecture

NUBIAN CHRISTIAN ARCHITECTURE According to the testimony of JOHN OF EPHESUS (507-586), Nubia was evangelized in the second quarter of the sixth century by Julian and Theodorus, bishop of Philae. Christianization quickly made great progress. From the end of the sixth century, the country may accordingly be considered as essentially Christian. A monumental Christian architecture …

Nubian Christian Architecture Read More »

Naj Al-Hajar

NAJ AL-HAJAR Site on the east bank of the Nile about 10 miles (15 km) north of Aswan. A few years ago in the course of excavations carried out by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization in the area between the edge of the town and the bank of the Nile, ruins of a Roman camp were …

Naj Al-Hajar Read More »

Elephantine

ELEPHANTINE An island at the level of Aswan, and the most southerly town in Egypt. In the pharaonic period, it was the capital of the Elephant nome, but from Ptolemaic times, it was reduced to a temple town and the administration was transferred to Syene, today Aswan, on the eastern riverbank. The two main temples …

Elephantine Read More »

Ahnas

AHNAS (Ihnas al Madinah, Ihnasyah al-Madinah, Byzantine Herakleopolis) Settlement on the site of pharaonic Nn-nswt, Ptolemaic, Roman, and Byzantine Herakleopolis. The Coptic and Arabic names go back to Egyptian Hwt-nn-nswt, Hnn-nswt, the Greek name comes from the identification of Hrj-š.f (Herishef, Greek Harsaphes), the town’s ram-headed local deity, with Heracles (Herishef was also identified with …

Ahnas Read More »

Churches In Akhmim

Churches in Akhmim Of the numerous churches in Akhmim, two are of some historical interest. The Church of Abu Sayfayn is situated in the southeastern part of the city. A walled enclosure is partitioned into two unequal parts by a wall. The larger area contains a cemetery of the Ottoman period and some dependent structures. …

Churches In Akhmim Read More »

Abydos

ABYDOS   One of the most renowned sites in ancient Egypt. Situated on the left bank of the Nile about 7 miles (11 km) from the town of al-Balyana, it was reputed to be the repository of the head of Osiris. For this reason, it was much frequented as a place of pilgrimage, as is …

Abydos Read More »

Abu Mina

ABU MINA A pilgrimage center in the Libyan desert where the tomb of Saint MENAS THE MIRACLE MAKER was venerated from the fourth century on. It was about 28 miles (46 km) southwest of Alexandria, near Lake Mareotis. The settlement consisted of a civil area and an ecclesiastical area, which included Menas’ tomb, a market, …

Abu Mina Read More »