BAIRU TAFLA

Haile Selassie I

HAILE SELASSIE I (Khayla Sellase I, 1892-1975) Held to be the elect of God, he became “King of Kings” of Ethiopia in 1930 and was emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 until his death. He was the last sovereign of the Solomonic dynasty. His reign lasted forty-four years and stands out as an epoch in Ethiopian …

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Menelik II (1844-1913)

MENELIK II (1844-1913) The emperor of Ethiopia. From 1865 to 1889, he was king of Shewa (Sawa), and from 1889 to 1913, emperor of Ethiopia. He was the last Ethiopian sovereign to expand the empire by conquest and he enlarged it to about three times the original size of the Christian core area. He also …

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Ethiopian Orthodox Church

ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH The Ethiopian church was the only state church in the Orient that remained intact from early times into the late twentieth century, when it was separated from the secular state by a revolutionary decree of 1974. With a membership of at least 12 million, it is still the largest single autocephalous Christian …

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Eccage

ECCAGE The title and office of the eccage (high church dignitary) have been of national importance in Ethiopia for several centuries. Insofar as the ABUN was alien to the language and culture of the country, it was necessary for an Ethiopian dignitary to be appointed as chief administrator of the church. The Nebura’ed of Axum …

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St. Tekle Haimanot

Abun

ABUN The highest spiritual leader of the Ethiopian Orthodox church. The term signifies “our father” and is applied to bishops, archbishops, and patriarchs, as well as to saints who were monks. The office of the abun was filled usually by a Coptic monk elected by his brethren in the monasteries of Egypt and was consecrated …

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