Searching for Shenoute: A Copto-Arabic Homilary in Paris, BN arabe 4796

Searching for Shenoute: A Copto-Arabic Homilary in Paris, BN arabe 4796 Introduction and Review Will students of the Arabic literature of the Copts be able to contribute to the current intensive study of the literary corpus of St. Shenoute the Archimandrite? The idea that they might is by no means farfetched. After all, Arabic recensions […]

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Charisios

CHARISIOS The name of this archimandrite is preserved only by some fragments of the typica preserved at Leiden (Insinger, 38a, Pleyte and Boeser, 1897, p. 182), Vienna (K 9736), and Rome (Vatican, Borgia 231; Leipoldt, 1913, p. 11). Charisios has left no trace in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION; we know of his existence only from the […]

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Calendar And Agriculture

CALENDAR AND AGRICULTURE The Coptic calendar has survived not only in the liturgy of the Coptic church but also in the agricultural life of the Nile Valley, for it sets the schedule by which the farmers (fellahin) regulate their work in the fields. Many delightful maxims and aphorisms summarizing the essentials of what must be […]

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Months Of Coptic Calendar

MONTHS OF COPTIC CALENDAR Of all survivals from pharaonic Egypt, the calendar is the most striking. Each of the twelve months of the Coptic calendar still carries the name of one of the deities or feasts of ancient Egypt. Without doubt, this reflects the conservatism that characterizes the inhabitants of the Nile Valley, who are […]

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Coptic Calendar

COPTIC CALENDAR The Coptic calendar, sometimes referred to as the Alexandrian Calendar, is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar of the solar year. This calendar system continued to be used by the Coptic Church. The Coptic year is divided into 12 months of 30 days each, followed by five more days, called epagomenai, as well […]

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Coptic Calendar

COPTIC CALENDAR Early Egyptian Christians, like those elsewhere, took systems of reckoning time used in the world that they knew, modified them, and adapted them to their own observances and practices. The civil day of Christians in Egypt began in the morning, as did that of the ancient Egyptians and the Romans; but their liturgical […]

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Calendar, Seasons, And Coptic Liturgy

CALENDAR, SEASONS, AND COPTIC LITURGY The three seasons of the Coptic calendar, a survival from pharaonic Egypt and based on agricultural activities, are commemorated by special prayers incorporated into the divine liturgies. The seasons and prayers appropriate to each, as computed according to the Gregorian calendar of the twentieth century, are as follows. The Nile-flood […]

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Dayr Anba Sawirus (Asyut)

DAYR ANBA SAWIRUS (Asyut) The most ancient attestation of this monastery appears to be the colophon of a manuscript written there between 10 November 1002 and 29 August 1003, which then passed into the library of the White Monastery (DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH) before ending up in the National Library, Paris (Copte 129:14, fol. 95; Crum, […]

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Dayr Balujah

DAYR BALUJAH Al-MAQRIZI mentions in his list of monasteries a convent that he places at about two hours’ walk opposite Daljah (southwest of Mallawi), near al-Manha, that is to say, the Bahr Yusuf. He describes it as having been one of the largest monasteries in Egypt, but destroyed in his period (fifteenth century) and inhabited […]

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Saint Victor Of Tabennese

SAINT VICTOR OF TABENNESE (feast day: 18 Babah). Saint Victor is known as abbot general of the Tabennesiotes (see MONASTICISM, PACHOMIAN) and local abbot of PBOW. According to the Coptic sources, he was present at the Council of Ephesus (431) with Saint CYRIL and Saint SHENUTE. According to the same sources, he was the natural […]

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