AZIZ S. ATIYA

Sozomen (Fifth Century)

SOZOMEN (fifth century) A church historian. His full name was Hermias Sozomenus Salamanes (or Salaminius), which has misled some to associate him with the town of Salamis in Cyprus. This is a mistake, since he is known to have been born in the village of Bethelia near the town of Gaza in Palestine. His grandfather …

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Socrates (C. 380-456)

SOCRATES (c. 380-456) A church historian. Socrates was a native of Constantinople, where he lived and obtained his education. He ultimately became a lawyer and earned the title Scholasticus. He is best known as a church historian and seems to have started where EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA left off. Thus his history is probably the most …

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Copts And The Crusades

COPTS AND THE CRUSADES To understand the position of the Copts vis-à-vis the movement of the Crusading expeditions from the West against the Muslim Middle Eastern countries, one must go back to the time of the last ecumenical council of CHALCEDON in 451. The reason for this inquiry is to elucidate Coptic feelings toward those …

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Marius Jean Joseph Chaîne (1873-1960)

MARIUS JEAN JOSEPH CHAÎNE (1873-1960) A French Coptologist. He was born at Tarascon, Bouches-du-Rhône, and was trained for the priesthood and later became an abbot. He studied under Joseph Halévy at the Ecole pratique des Hautes Etudes. Among his numerous Coptic publications are Compendium morphologiae copticae (Rome, 1910) and Eléments de grammaire dialectale copte (Paris, …

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