Australia

Contemporary Coptic Art

CONTEMPORARY COPTIC ART The school of contemporary Coptic art was established in Cairo by Isaac Fanous in the 1960s. It reflects the deep roots of ancient Egyptian and Coptic arts combined with the Coptic theology and culture. Icons represent its major production. Wall paintings, mosaics, and stained-glass windows decorate a considerable number of modern Coptic …

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Book Of Canonical Hours

BOOK OF CANONICAL HOURS The first Christians followed the Jewish tradition of praying at fixed times of the day. The prayers for the third, sixth, and ninth hours may have been adopted first in Egypt, where the Jews who converted to Christianity followed the Jewish custom. In the third century, Clement of Alexandria (ca. 150-ca. …

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Copts In The Diaspora

COPTS IN THE DIASPORA The largest communities of Coptic emigrants are in the United Stated, Canada, and Australia. Statistics concerning their population are unavailable. However, according to unofficial sources, they number between 400,000 and 1,000,000. A considerable number of the Copts left Egypt for the West because of discrimination; others left because of the nationalization …

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Samuel (1920-1981)

SAMUEL (1920-1981) A Bishop. He was born Sa‘d ‘Aziz in Cairo. On 6 October 1981 he gave his life along with Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat at the hands of Muslim extremist assassins. He graduated from the Faculty of Law at Fouad I University (now Cairo University) in 1941, and obtained a diploma in divinity from …

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Shenouda III

SHENOUDA III  A Monk, bishop, teacher, writer, politician, and 117th patriarch of the Coptic Church (1971-). He was born Nazir Gayed in Assiut. He played a great role in the renaissance of the Coptic Church. He studied history and graduated from Cairo University in 1947 and from the Clerical College in 1949. He served as …

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