Arians

Constantine I (288?-337)

CONSTANTINE I (288?-337) The Roman emperor who allowed freedom of worship in the empire, thus ending the persecution of Christians. Flavius Valerius Constantinus (Constantine) was born to Constantius Chlorus and Helena. When his father was appointed Caesar in 293, Constantine was sent to the court of DIOCLETIAN, the senior emperor, where he later distinguished himself …

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Semi-Arians

SEMI-ARIANS Semi-Arian is the name given to those who believed that Christ has a “like substance” of God (homeosius) but not the same substance (homoousius). The key figure of this group is Basil of Ancyra (356 a.d.). St. Athanasius, after his return from exile, was able to convince them that Christ is “like” substance, meaning …

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Arianism

ARIANISM A doctrine derived originally from a priest of the church of Alexandria named ARIUS (c. 270-336). It concentrated mainly on the status of the Son within the godhead, and held that he had originated at some point by the creative act of the Father’s will. Arius at first held that the Son had been …

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Timothy I, Saint

SAINT TIMOTHY I The twenty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (380-385). Timothy was unanimously elected to succeed PETER II. An elderly man at the time of his election, Timothy was associated with ATHANASIUS in his earlier years and must have been profoundly influenced by his theology. He is known to have disposed of …

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Saint Shenute

SAINT SHENUTE A fourth-fifth-century reforming abbot of DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH (the White Monastery), situated near the ancient village of Atrib, near Suhaj, in the region of Akhmim (feast day: 7 Abib). The source material that makes it possible to reconstruct his life and work consists mainly of the literary remains of his own writings and …

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Ulphilas (C. 311-381)

ULPHILAS (c. 311-381) The Apostle of the Goths, who was responsible for the conversion of the Goths to Arian Christianity (see ARIANISM). According to the ecclesiastical historian Philostorgius (Historia ecclesiastica 2.5), the Goths descended on the eastern provinces of the empire and crossed the Bosporus to Asia Minor and Cappadocia in the third century, during …

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