Coptic art in the Coptic museum

Coptic art in the Coptic museum Coptic art began to emerge in Egypt around 300 A.D. In form, style, and content it was quite different from the art of Pharaonic Egypt. How’ did this come about? Broadly speaking, there were two causes. The first is that indigenous Egyptian art had been in contact with the […]

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The Monastery of al-Ganadla (ASYUT)

The Monastery of al-Ganadla (ASYUT) THE MONASTERY OF AL-GANADLA, also called the Monastery of the Virgin (Dayr al-‘Adra), was established in pharaonic quarries to the west of the village of al-Ganadla, about 25 kilometers south of Asyut. It is often confused with the Monastery of St. Macrobius (Dayr Abu Maqrufa), a nearby laura dedicated to […]

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The Red Monastery (SOHAG)

The Red Monastery (SOHAG) THE MONASTERY OF ST. PSHAI is more commonly known as the Red Monastery (al-Dayr al-Ahmar). The historian al-Maqrizi (d. 1442) used this name, explaining that it was built of red bricks.96 Saint Pshai was a hermit and companion of St. Bigul, St. Shenute’s uncle. As a young boy, Shenute (d. ca. […]

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An Overview of Rock-cut Coptic Sites in Asyut

An Overview of Rock-cut Coptic Sites in Asyut Introduction This research is an attempt to provide an overview of some of the most remarkable rock-cut monasteries in Asyut Governorate. The Asyut plateau was a suitable area for monastic settlement as it is bordered on the east and the west with mountains flanking the agricultural land. […]

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Fig. 9. Tetraconch Church at Abu Mina

The Architecture of Coptic Churches

The Architecture of Coptic Churches THE CHRISTIANS OF EGYPT OFTEN FOUND THEMSELVES facing the monumental architecture of the pharaonic past. The grand limestone and colorful granite temple complexes of the ancient gods were still active in the first centuries under the patronage of the Roman emperors; paganism was certainly not overshadowed by the rise of […]

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Vaulte – Architectural Elements Of Churches

Vault A vault is a ceiling or roof, traditionally of stone or brick, that depends on the principle of the arch. It may be executed in various geometrical shapes depending, to some extent, on the shape of the area to be covered. The arrangement of the blocks (bond) is determined by whether the vault is […]

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Triumphal Arche – Architectural Elements Of Churches

Triumphal Arch A triumphal arch is a freestanding structure in Roman architecture and the arch at the entrance to the apse in church architecture. From the second century A.D., the Romans built arches to commemorate some extraordinary political event or the outstanding achievements of some exalted personage. Such arches frequently stood astride a road and […]

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