archdeacon

Gaianus

GAIANUS The rival patriarch of Alexandria in 537. When THEODOSIUS I, the official candidate for the patriarchate, appeared for his enthronement, a popular movement of all classes in the city swept Gaianus, who had been an archdeacon under TIMOTHY III, into his place. Against the Severianism (see SEVERIAN OF JABALAH) of Theodosius, Gaianus represented the …

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Magic

MAGIC The art of pretending to accomplish actions with the help of supernatural forces contrary to the laws of nature. Coptic magic is a particularly rich field for studying the relationships of the ancient Copts with the invisible forces of heaven and hell that were part of the old Egyptian heritage (Lexa, 1925; Brier, 1980). …

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Martyrs, Coptic

MARTYRS, COPTIC The souls recognized in Egypt who suffered persecution and died for their faith. The majority of martyrs belong to the period of Roman persecutions from the time of Nero in the mid-first century to the time of Diocletian in the early fourth century. It is, of course, impossible to assemble the names of …

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Mcoptic Migration

COPTIC MIGRATION The Copts as a community were sedentary by nature and upbringing. They loved the land of their birth and were averse to migration to other countries throughout their long history. The idea of moving from their ancestral home to a new milieu in search of better opportunities dawned upon them only recently, after …

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Isaac, Patriarch

ISAAC A forty-first patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (686-689). Isaac was a native of the district of Shubra, now part of modern Cairo, before he took the monastic vow at DAYR ANBA MAQAR. Little is known about his early secular life. In his monastery, however, he became the spiritual son of a bishop …

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Jeremiah, Saint

JEREMIAH, SAINT Very little is known about this saint. It is plausible that the monastery at Saqqara had been placed under the patronage of a Jeremiah, to whom a particular holiness was attributed, whether or not he was its first superior. The chronicle of the bishop JOHN OF NIKIOU seems to speak of him, which …

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Demetrius I

DEMETRIUS I The twelfth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (189-231). He succeeded JULIAN and was a contemporary of eight Roman emperors, from Commodus (180-192) to Alexander Severus (222-235), through the age of persecutions, which were particularly harsh in the reign of Septimius Severus (193-211). Until the time of Demetrius, the church had been …

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