Arabic literature

Christodoulos (?-1077). Patriarch (66th, 1046-1077)

CHRISTODOULOS (?-1077). Patriarch (66th, 1046-1077) The importance of Christodoulos (a monk of the Monastery of al-Baramous before his consecration as patriarch) to the history of Copto-Arabic literature may be seen from two sides. First, the events of his turbulent patriarchate are recounted by Mawhub ibn Mansur ibn Mufarrij in the first of two biographies that …

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Bulus Al-Bushi (?-Ca. 1250)

BULUS AL-BUSHI (?-ca. 1250) A Bishop, theologian. Bulus al-Bushi was a skilled theologian who contributed much to the dawning of the 13th-century golden age of Copto-Arabic literature. Little is known of his life before 1216, when after the death of Patriarch John VI the scholarly monk Bulus quickly became one of the two leading candidates …

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Awlad Al-‘Assal (13th C.)

AWLAD AL-‘ASSAL (13th c.) Family of scholars. The term Awlad al-‘Assal (“the children of al-‘Assal”) is conventionally used to refer to four brothers who played a major role in the revival of Coptic thought in the decades between 1230 and 1260. Their father, Fakhr al-Dawlah (“Pride of the State”) Abu al-Mufaddal al-As‘ad, was a wealthy …

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Gabriel III (?-1271)

GABRIEL III (?-1271) A Scribe, patriarch (77th, 1268-1271). Before his election as patriarch, Gabriel was a monk (at the Monastery of St. Antony), priest (who served for a time at the Church of the Resurrection in Jerusalem), and scribe (who was a client of the Awlad al-‘Assal, who championed his elevation to the patriarchate). His …

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Matthew I (1336-1408)

MATTHEW I (1336-1408) A Saint and patriarch (87th, 1378-1408). Matthew is perhaps the greatest of the late medieval Coptic popes, a saintly monk who, as patriarch, organized major charitable operations, cultivated good relations with the Mamluk Sultan al-Zahir Barquq (1381-1399), and strove to serve and stabilize a Coptic community that had been declining in numbers …

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Monastery Of St. Antony

MONASTERY OF ST. ANTONY It is located at the foot of the Wadi Araba near the Red Sea. The monastery is named after the famous figure of monasticism, St. Antony. Probably in the second half of the fourth century a monastic community gathered around the site where the saint lived. Historian Sulpicius Severus (ca. 360-420) …

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