Arabe

Ilyas Buqtur (1784-1821)

ILYAS BUQTUR (1784-1821) Learned Copt associated with Napoleon Bonaparte’s French Expedition to Egypt, who produced the first Arabic-French dictionary. Ilyas Buqtur, known in French sources as Ellious Bochtor, was born into a highly respected family in Asyut on 12 April 1784. His parents noticed his intellectual tendencies and provided a good early education. In 1801 …

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Inscriptions

INSCRIPTIONS Writing on long-lasting materials. Inscriptions, like texts written on papyrus (see PAPYROLOGY), are important primary sources of information about a society. In Egypt they appear on stone, plaster, clay, wood, metal, and textiles. They may be scratched, carved, engraved, stamped, painted or inked, or woven. Those written on clay sherds or limestone fragments are …

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Donation Of Children

DONATION OF CHILDREN A custom of giving a child up to a monastery for one of two reasons: having the child become a monk or making the child a serf of the monastery. Instances of donating children who were intended to become monks are known from literary and especially hagiographic sources. The absence of sources …

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Dayr Al-Tin

DAYR AL-TIN This monastery was mentioned for the first time by al-Shabushti (Atiya, 1939, pp. 25, 26), who died at the end of the tenth century or the beginning of the eleventh. He called it Mar Hanna and situated it on the edge of Lake al-Habash, near the Nile. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS OF …

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Abdallah, Priest

ABDALLAH, Priest A Coptic priest, Abdallah wrote in 1446-1447 that he had read an Arabo-Coptic manuscript transcribed in 1443 and containing principally the Psalter (National Library, Paris, Arabe 42). Folios 230v-31r include a note from him. BIBLIOGRAPHY Troupeau, G. Catalogue des manuscrits arabes [National Library], Vol. 1, Manuscrits chrétiens, pp. 31-32. Paris, 1972. KHALIL SAMIR, …

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Saint Ababius, (Father Ababiyus) (1240?)

SAINT ABABIUS, (Father Ababiyus) A monk of Scetis. The Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION by MIKHA’IL, bishop of Atrib and Malij (about 1240), makes no mention of Saint Ababius. However, a fourteenth-century Arabic manuscript, copied in Syria, gives a long life of this saint. The manuscript attributes this life to JOHN COLOBOS (National Library, Paris, Arabe 259, fols. 57r-104v; …

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