Appendix

The Tunnel Entrance Door

Two Witnesses of Christian Life in the area of Balyana: The Church of the Virgin and the Monastery of Anba Moses

Two Witnesses of Christian Life in the area of Balyana: The Church of the Virgin and the Monastery of Anba Moses[1] The town of Balyana stands on the west bank of the Nile in the Sohag governorate. I have had many opportunities to be in touch with Christian life in this area of Upper Egypt …

Two Witnesses of Christian Life in the area of Balyana: The Church of the Virgin and the Monastery of Anba Moses Read More »

Fraction

FRACTION A liturgical prayer recited after the anaphora and prior to communion. The Fraction prayers are first attested in Serapion’s fourth century Euchologion and they are recited in many Eastern liturgies such as the Liturgy of Mark, Gregory, Basil, John Chrysostom, and James. In the printed edition of the Euchologion, there are 20 Fraction prayers, …

Fraction Read More »

Dayr Al-Ballas (Qift)

DAYR AL-BALLAS (Qift) This monastery-village is situated on the left bank of the Nile to the north of the town of al-Ballas, which has given its name to the large jars in which water is carried. There is neither archaeological nor ancient literary evidence, only the name of the hamlet, al-Dayr, to show that a …

Dayr Al-Ballas (Qift) Read More »

Bashmuric

BASHMURIC The history of the Bashmuric dialect is in large measure that of a “phantom dialect.” Coptic Egypt had many more dialects than modern science has been able to identify from the texts discovered; but some of these never reached the literary stage. Others did (perhaps poorly enough), but none of their witnesses has been …

Bashmuric Read More »