Apostolic

Bishop’s Consecration

BISHOP’S CONSECRATION This rite includes the imposition of the Gospel, the imposition of the Hand, the ordination prayers, and the concluding ceremonies. The Apostolic Constitutions (written around the end of the fourth century) mention that the ordination precedes the full Eucharistic liturgy in order that the new bishop might preside over the whole of the …

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Canon

CANON The word canon in Coptic tradition has more than one meaning. It means a type of hymn that should be recited by two choirs, such as the Canon of the Twelfth Hour and Good Friday. It means also the “canon-law” or codified law governing a church. Thus, there are the Apostolic canons and the …

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Confirmation

CONFIRMATION Confirmation is one of the sacraments of initiation into the Coptic Orthodox Church. It is administered immediately after Baptism and before partaking of the Eucharist. In the Coptic Church, it is performed by unction with the holy oil by a priest or a bishop (in the Catholic Church, it is the right of the …

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Patriarch Alexander I

PATRIARCH ALEXANDER I He was the 19th patriarch of the See of St. Mark (312-326). He succeeded Achillas in the year 312 a.d., just after the end of the great persecution. Alexander faced three problems during his episcopate. He was first troubled over the timing of the Easter observance by a schismatic faction led by …

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Didascalia

DIDASCALIA The book contains the duties of the bishops, the widows, and the deacons. It also gives some details concerning fasting and Holy Week. The Didascalia was written in Greek and later translated into Syriac, Latin, and Arabic. It is believed to reflect the situation of the Church of the third century. It belongs to …

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Eschatology

ESCHATOLOGY Eschatology is the study of last things, hence the destiny of the world. In Greco-Roman culture, this theme was a favorite subject, and in apostolic times, Paul had to act several times to correct the erroneous eschatological views of the Corinthians. The conversion to Christianity of many pagans and Jews brought with it an …

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Eucharist Fast

EUCHARIST FAST According to canon law as expressed in the Apostolic Constitutions, “It is forbidden to partake of the communion unless the person is fasting, and whoever dares to eat breakfast and then partake of the Holy Communion will be excommunicated eternally from the Church of God.” The canons of Hippolytus state, “It is important …

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