Apollo

Coptic Woodwork

COPTIC WOODWORK The functional objects and sculpture made of wood in Egypt from the fourth century into the Middle Ages. By virtue of its geological past, Egypt originally had plentiful and varied supplies of wood, but it was rapidly used. Shortages were already evident in the pharaonic period. Ptolemaic rulers put into operation a policy …

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Coptic Museum

COPTIC MUSEUM The Coptic Museum boasts the largest collection of Coptic art in the world. In 1908, Marcus Simaika Pasha founded the museum on behalf of the Coptic Church. He chose for it a unique spot in Old Cairo within the Fortress of Babylon and surrounded by a number of Cairo’s ancient churches. Simaika brought …

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Incense

INCENSE Incense is a substance producing a pleasant aroma when burned. Yuhanna ibn Abi Zakariyya ibn Sabba‘ (14th century), the author of a book called Precious Pearl in the Ecclesiastic Science, mentioned that four sorts of incense are permitted in the Coptic Church: sandarac, benzoin, aloe, and olibanum. The first had never been offered to …

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Dayr Balujah

DAYR BALUJAH Al-MAQRIZI mentions in his list of monasteries a convent that he places at about two hours’ walk opposite Daljah (southwest of Mallawi), near al-Manha, that is to say, the Bahr Yusuf. He describes it as having been one of the largest monasteries in Egypt, but destroyed in his period (fifteenth century) and inhabited …

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