apocalyptic literature

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely …

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Antichrist

ANTICHRIST A term occurring first in Christian literature but as conception of a powerful being opposed to God at the end of the world found in earlier Jewish apocalyptic literature (e.g., D. 7:7ff.; 11:40). This probably originated in Iranian eschatology (the battle of Ahura Mazda with Angra Mainyu), and from there influenced Jewish apocalyptic writings. …

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Melchizedek

MELCHIZEDEK A priest in the Old Testament and various other Jewish, Christian, and Gnostic sources, who is sometimes regarded as a prefigure of Christ. A fragmentary codex in the NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY (IX. 1-27.10) is given the title Melchizedek, which suggests that the supposed author is none other than the biblical figure. This tractate may …

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Abu Ishaq Ibn Fadlallah

ABU ISHAQ IBN FADLALLAH A tenth-century Coptic author and one of the first to write in Arabic. Abu Ishaq left two works, composed in the year A.M. 641/A.D. 924-925. This is earlier than the work of SAWIRUS IBN AL-MUQAFFA‘, Coptic bishop of al-Ashmunayn, who is generally considered the first Coptic author to write in Arabic. …

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