Apocalypses

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely …

Copto-Arabic Literature Read More »

Zostrianos (NHC VIII, 1)

ZOSTRIANOS (NHC VIII, 1) A lengthy Sethian Gnostic apocalypse (132 pages of the manuscript) reported in the first person in the name of the prophet, Zostrianos, associated in antiquity with Zarathustra (Zoroaster). The title occurs at the end, to which is added: “Oracles of Truth of Zostrianos, God of truth, Teachings of Zoroaster.” Unfortunately, Codex …

Zostrianos (NHC VIII, 1) Read More »

Allogenes (NHC XI, 3)

ALLOGENES (NHC XI, 3) A Sethian Gnostic revelation discourse in which a certain Allogenes transmits to his “son” Messos revelations received from a feminine deity called Youel, and then describes his ascent to heaven. Allogenes (“of another race”) is probably another name for Seth. The title is given at the end of the tractate. Heavily …

Allogenes (NHC XI, 3) Read More »

Marsanes (NHC X, 1)

MARSANES (NHC X, 1) A Sethian Gnostic revelatory work written by, or in the name of, the Gnostic prophet Marsanes. Very poorly preserved, it is the only tractate in the codex, which is extremely fragmentary. The title is partially preserved on a fragment from the last page. Marsanes recounts an ascent to heaven and visions …

Marsanes (NHC X, 1) Read More »