APOCALYPSE OF PETER

Concept Of Our Great Power

CONCEPT OF OUR GREAT POWER An apocalyptic tractate dating from the mid-fourth century or shortly thereafter and influenced by Jewish speculations, biblical or apocryphal, slightly tinged with gnosticism. The aim of the text is to describe the history of the world in its fundamental stages: creation, the flood, the origin of evil, the coming of …

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Eschatology

ESCHATOLOGY Eschatology is the study of last things, hence the destiny of the world. In Greco-Roman culture, this theme was a favorite subject, and in apostolic times, Paul had to act several times to correct the erroneous eschatological views of the Corinthians. The conversion to Christianity of many pagans and Jews brought with it an …

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Nag Hammadi Codices

NAG HAMMADI CODICES A group of 12 papyrus codices plus eight leaves dating from the fourth century and inscribed in Coptic. The manuscripts were discovered in a buried storage jar by fellahin (farmers) in 1945 some 10 kilometers from Nag Hammadi, and are now housed in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. Publication of the …

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Apocalypse Of Peter

APOCALYPSE OF PETER The third text of Codex VII and consisting of a report of three visions seen by the apostle Peter, along with instructions from Jesus, during the night prior to the Crucifixion. In a passage that recalls Matthew 26:34, Jesus tells Peter, “He [You?] will accuse you [him] three times during the night” …

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Akhmim Fragments

AKHMIM FRAGMENTS (P. Cair. 10759, in Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire, ed. B. P. Grenfell and Hunt [Oxford, 1903]), a parchment codex of thirty-three leaves (15 12 cm) with several apocryphal writings in Greek: parts of the Gospel of Peter (van Haelst no. 598), the Apocalypse of Peter (van Haelst no. …

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Papyrus Discoveries

PAPYRUS DISCOVERIES The dry climate of Egypt is responsible for the preservation of the many literary memorials of the country, the ostraca as well as the sources written on papyrus, parchment, and (later) paper, which may be subdivided into literary and nonliterary. They were and are found either by chance, mostly by fellahin digging for …

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Nag Hammadi Library

NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY The thirteen ancient papyrus codices translated from Greek into Coptic, accidentally discovered in December 1945 by farmers in Upper Egypt. They contain forty-five Gnostic works, which are our chief source of first-hand knowledge of GNOSTICISM. Although the details of the discovery have remained unverified, despite archaeological investigation, there is little reason to …

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Docetism

DOCETISM The term “docetism” comes from the Greek word dokeo (I seem, I appear), and was first used by Serapion, bishop of Antioch (190-208), to refer to certain heretics of the early church. In its earliest expression, docetism apparently grew out of the difficulties of explaining how the Son of God could be subject to …

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