Anub

Coptic Woodwork

COPTIC WOODWORK The functional objects and sculpture made of wood in Egypt from the fourth century into the Middle Ages. By virtue of its geological past, Egypt originally had plentiful and varied supplies of wood, but it was rapidly used. Shortages were already evident in the pharaonic period. Ptolemaic rulers put into operation a policy …

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Dayr Apa Anub (Nub)

DAYR APA ANUB (Nub) A small monastery near Wadi al-Natrun whose precise date of establishment is not known. Evelyn-White (1932, p. 369) remarked that MAWHUB IBN MANSUR IBN MUFARRIJ, in his list of the relics venerated in Egypt in the History of the Patriarchs (written in 1088; Vol. 2, pt. 3, 1970), did not speak …

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Samannud

SAMANNUD A city in the middle of the Egyptian Delta some 5 miles (8 km) east of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. Greek documents give the name of the city as Sebennytos and in Coptic it was known as jemnou] (Djemnouti). Sebennytos/Samannud has a very old Christian tradition. ATHANASIUS I reported that the city …

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Atrib

ATRIB One of the best known cities in the Nile Delta in the Greco- Roman and Christian periods. It is mentioned often in classical authors and papyri (cf. Pietschmann, 1896, cols. 2070-71) as well as in Coptic and Arabic-Christian literature. The ruins of the city, which in Greek was called ‘Aqr…bij and in Coptic ayl/be …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Dayr Al-Muttin

DAYR AL-MUTTIN This is the name now given to a cluster of ruins situated at the edge of the western desert at ASYUT, about a mile from the town, beside the ancient necropolis at the mausoleum of Shaykh Abu Tuq. ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN, at the beginning of thirteenth century, knew four monasteries to the …

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Saint Anub

SAINT ANUB A martyr under Diocletion (feast day: 24 Abib). His Passion has come down in only one Bohairic manuscript (Rome, Vatican Library, Copto 66, fols. 233-68; Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908, Vol. I, pp. 200-241). The text opens with the usual situation, in which Diocletian sends out an edict to the whole empire ordering sacrifices …

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Dayr Abu Anub, Or Nub

DAYR ABU ANUB, or Nub A vanished monastery mentioned only by ABU SALIH THE ARMENIAN (1895, p. 252). He indicates that Dayr Abu Anub (Apa Nob) was situated to the north of al- Ashmunayn and that it contained the bodies of sixty-three monks martyred in A.M. 781/A.D. 1065-1066. They had been killed by a certain …

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Hagiography, Coptic

HAGIOGRAPHY, COPTIC The writing about the saints of the Coptic church. Many religions venerate saints and so have produced a vast literature around them. Best known in the West is the monumental Acta Sanctorum (Lives of the Saints), compiled by the Society of Bollandists, a group of Jesuit scholars, beginning in the seventeenth century and …

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