anti-Chalcedonian

Saint Zacharias

SAINT ZACHARIAS The eighth-century bishop of Sakha (feast day: 21 Amshir). The son of a presbyter, Zacharias received adequate training in profane and ecclesiastical letters to open for himself a career as secretary of the diwan. Arabic was prescribed for official documents in 706, which would indicate that Zacharias was proficient in Arabic and Greek …

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Kellia

KELLIA History of the Site The Kellia is one of the most important and most celebrated monastic groupings in Lower Egypt. Its location long remained uncertain. In 1935 Omar Toussoun wrongly believed he had discovered its ruins near the northwest extremity of the Wadi al- Natrun. It was the exact location of the ancient Nitria …

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Justin I (C.450-527)

JUSTIN I (c.450-527) A byzantine emperor who worked for orthodoxy and the reunion of Rome and Constantinople. He was born about 450 in Bederiana (in modern Yugoslavia). Of peasant stock, he followed his father into the Roman army, fighting with distinction against the Isaurian rebels in 498, the Persians from 502 to 505, and the …

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Jules Leroy (1903-1979)

JULES LEROY (1903-1979) A French historian of Christian iconography of the anti-Chalcedonian churches. He was master of research at the Centre national de la Recherche scientifique in Paris. He studied with A. Grabar and worked on the miniatures of Syriac, Ethiopian, and Coptic manuscripts, as well as on Coptic mural paintings. BIBLIOGRAPHY Coquin, R.-G. “L’Abbé …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE National literatures are defined not only by the language in which they are written but also by ethnic and cultural affinities that bind their authors. That is why we may distinguish an American literature in English from British literature or a Latin-American literature in Spanish from Spanish literature. The literature in the Coptic …

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Theopistus Of Alexandria

THEOPISTUS OF ALEXANDRIA Theopistus accompanied DIOSCORUS I of Alexandria (444-458) to the Council of CHALCEDON. After Dioscorus was sentenced to exile in Gangra, Theopistus went to the Pentapolis where he wrote an account of the events of the council, challenging its decisions. He is named in the Panegyric of Macarius of Tkow, which is attributed …

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Theodosius I

THEODOSIUS I A saint and thirty-third patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (535-567). Theodosius was the secretary of TIMOTHY III and was chosen to succeed him. This occurred with the support of the Empress THEODORA’s chamberlain, Calotychius, and official circles at Alexandria. When he appeared for his enthronement, a popular uprising swept a rival …

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Theodosius Of Jerusalem

THEODOSIUS OF JERUSALEM A fifth century bishop of Jerusalem who was exiled. He was the opponent of Juvenal of Jerusalem after the Council of CHALCEDON; head of the side opposed to the decisions of the council, he was bishop of Jerusalem between 451 and 453, when Juvenal was forcibly restored by Marcian (Frend, 1972, pp. …

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Anastasius

ANASTASIUS The thirty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (605- 616). Anastasius was a priest in Alexandria, a man of profound learning in the Scriptures and the doctrines of the Coptic faith, when he was unanimously selected by the bishops and the clergy of the Coptic church to succeed DAMIAN to the archiepiscopal throne …

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