Annunciation

Dayr Al-Baramus

DAYR AL-BARAMUS History This monastery is farthest to the northwest in the monastic colony of Wadi al-Natrun (ancient Scetis). The topographic allusions in ancient literature lend some credence to the statement by the author of the Coptic Life of Saint Macarius (probably of the eighth century; cf. Guillaumont, 1968-1969, pp. 182-83) that Dayr al-Baramus evolved …

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Monastery Of St. Macarius

MONASTERY OF ST. MACARIUS It is the southernmost monastery in Wadi al-Natrun. The monastery bears the name of its patron St. Macarius, who died in about 390. This monastery became an official occasional residence for the Coptic patriarchs toward the middle of the sixth century when the Byzantine authorities did not allow them to reside …

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Monastery Of St. Paul

MONASTERY OF ST. PAUL It is located about 39 kilometers southwest of the Red Sea lighthouse station of Za’farana. St. Paul, who is known as the “first hermit,” is presumably Paul of Thebes, whose biography was composed by St. Jerome, probably in 375 or 376. The cave church is the oldest and most venerated element …

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Monastery Of The Syrians

MONASTERY OF THE SYRIANS Built in the sixth century in Wadi al-Natrun as a result of a schism caused by Theodosian monks, who left the neighboring Monastery of St. Pshoi. By the second half of the ninth century, the monastery was simultaneously inhabited both by Syrian monks and Coptic monks. One of its most important …

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