ancient Egypt

Shamm Al-Nasim

SHAMM AL-NASIM Literally, “sniffing the breeze.” It signifies the rising of the Egyptian people, Coptic as well as Muslim, at dawn to go to fields and gardens to inhale the pure air of the first day of spring, when the new vegetation is green and the Nile flood starts swelling. This is one of the …

Shamm Al-Nasim Read More »

Coptic Toponymy

COPTIC TOPONYMY The study of ancient place-names is one of the most interesting domains of historical research, since the names of hamlets, villages, and towns of the past often give brief but valuable indications, usually absent from historical records, about the creation of those urban centers and the reasons for their founding, whether economic, political, …

Coptic Toponymy Read More »

Coptic Language And Literature Bibliography

COPTIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE BIBLIOGRAPHY Biedenkopf-Ziehner, Anne. “Koptologische Literaturubersicht, 1967/68.” Enchoria 2 (1972): 103-136; 6 (1976): 93-119; 10 (1980): 151-183. Emmel, Stephen. “A Report on Progress in the Study of Coptic Literature, 1996-2004.” In Huitieme congres international d’etudes coptes (Paris 2004) I. Bilans et perspectives 2000-2004, ed. Anne Boud’hors and Denyse Vaillancourt, 173-204. Cahiers de …

Coptic Language And Literature Bibliography Read More »

Coptic Museum

COPTIC MUSEUM A museum founded in Cairo in 1902. The first exhibition of Coptic art in Egypt took place sometime at the end of the nineteenth century in the Bulaq Museum, the precursor of the actual Museum of Egyptian Antiquities. The collection was exhibited in a hall called “La Salle copte” before it was moved …

Coptic Museum Read More »

Coptic Ceramics

COPTIC CERAMICS The pottery produced in Egypt from the late Roman to the early Islamic period. There must be no illusion about the term “Coptic ceramics.” The techniques of production were in the tradition of Hellenistic and Roman techniques. Similarly, there is no marked stylistic discontinuity between the products of the Roman period and those …

Coptic Ceramics Read More »

Calendar And Agriculture

CALENDAR AND AGRICULTURE The Coptic calendar has survived not only in the liturgy of the Coptic church but also in the agricultural life of the Nile Valley, for it sets the schedule by which the farmers (fellahin) regulate their work in the fields. Many delightful maxims and aphorisms summarizing the essentials of what must be …

Calendar And Agriculture Read More »