Amoun

Figures in the Carpet and Monastic Spirituality in the Wadi al-Natrun (Scetis)

Figures in the Carpet: Macarius the Great, Isaiah of Scetis, Daniel of Scetis, and Monastic Spirituality in the Wadi al-Natrun (Scetis) From the Fourth to the Sixth Century Not many years ago I read a very good scholarly book on Palestinian monasticism in Late Antiquity. In my review of that book I observed, however, that …

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The Monastery of Apa Thomas at Wadi Sarga: Points of Departure for a Relative Chronology

The Monastery of Apa Thomas at Wadi Sarga: Points of Departure for a Relative Chronology This chapter discusses the identification of the superiors of the Monas­tery of Apa Thomas at Wadi Sarga and presents some points of departure for reconstructing a relative chronology of this monastic community on the basis of Coptic epitaphs and documents.[1] …

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Kellia

KELLIA The archaeological remains that were discovered in Kellia represent the largest complex of Christian monasteries and hermitages known to date. The monastic site, which is situated about 18 kilometers south of modern al-Barnuji, the ancient Nitria in the western Nile Delta, was partly excavated, examined, and documented between 1965 and 1990. Unfortunately, the encroachment …

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Amoun (?-Ca. 350)

AMOUN (?-ca. 350) A Saint, ascetic. He is the founder of anchoritism in Nitria. Amoun was an Egyptian orphan who was brought up and forced to marry by his uncle. However, he and his wife lived celibately for 18 years. Around 330, Amoun retired to the mountain of Nitria. He soon attracted many followers and …

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Egyptian Monasticism

EGYPTIAN MONASTICISM Christian monasticism is a distinctive form of spiritual discipline that seems to have been originated in Egypt. St. Antony, the “father of the monks,” is usually regarded as its founder. As a youth of about 18 years old, he responded to a gospel reading (Matt. 19; 21), began his hermitic life as a …

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Nitria

NITRIA It is one of the earliest monastic habitations in Egypt. The site is called by Greek and Latin writers Nitria or the mountain of Nitria. It has been confused with Kellia and Scetis and was correctly identified by Hugh G. Evelyn White as Gabal al-Barnoug, where the present village of al-Barnoug stands at the …

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Pambo (Ca. 303-373)

PAMBO (ca. 303-373) Ascetic and priest. He was one of the first ascetics and companions of St. Amoun in Nitria. St. Macarius took part in the celebration of the liturgy when he was ordained a priest in Nitria. Pambo possessed the gift of prophecy and was known for fasting until evening, silence, and humility. He …

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