al-Zahir Baybars

Athanasius III

ATHANASIUS III The seventy-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1250-1261). Athanasius was peacefully selected to the throne of Saint Mark after an interregnum of seven years, during which the patriarchal seat remained vacant. The reasons are hard to explain beyond the lack of unanimity on any candidate and the general unrest that accompanied …

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John VII

JOHN VII The seventy-seventh patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1262-1268, 1271-1293). John had a rival in GABRIEL III, who replaced him by order of the sultan for a period, after which he recaptured the patriarchal seat for a second time. A native of Old Cairo, his full name was Yu’annis ibn Abi Sa‘id …

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Abu Hulayqah (Rashid Al-Din Abu Al-Wahsh Ibn Al-Faris)

ABU HULAYQAH (Rashid al-Din Abu al-Wahsh ibn al-Faris) Rashid al-Din Abu al-Wahsh ibn al-Faris Abi al-Khayr ibn Abi Sulayman Dawud ibn Abi al-Muna ibn Abi Fana Abu Hulayqah; 1195-1277, physician. He spent his first seven or eight years in Edessa. One day his father introduced him to al-‘Adil (r. 1200-1218) and to his son al-Kamil. …

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