al-Rahib

Chronicon Orientale

CHRONICON ORIENTALE A chronicle of world history composed by an unknown thirteenth-century author who put events he thought important into a table of secular and ecclesiastical rulers. Its chronological bases are the Old Testament for the pre-Christian era, the Roman emperors for the period from the time of Christ to Muhammad, and thereafter the Arab …

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Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely …

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Al-Makin Jirjis Ibn Al-‘Amid (1205-After 1280)

AL-MAKIN JIRJIS IBN AL-‘AMID (1205-after 1280) A Historian. Al-Makin Jirjis ibn Abi al-Yasir ibn Abi al-Makarim, known as Ibn al-‘Amid, was a Copt of Syrian Orthodox ancestry who, like his father before him, served in high office in the Egyptian military bureaucracy. Such a position carried risks, and al-Makin lived in especially risky times (in …

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Al-Nushu’ Abu Shakir Ibn Al-Rahib (Ca. 1210-Ca. 1290).

AL-NUSHU’ ABU SHAKIR IBN AL-RAHIB (ca. 1210-ca. 1290). Encyclopedist, historian, theologian, scholar of Coptic. The Coptic polymath Nushu’ al-Khilafa Abu Shakir, known as Ibn al-Rahib (“Son of the Monk”), was the son of al-Shaykh al-Sana’ Abu al-Majd, a high-ranking civil servant who became a monk and who provided leadership to the Coptic Orthodox Church during …

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Kom Al-Rahib

KOM AL-RAHIB A village about 6 miles (10 km) northwest of SAMALUT. The ruins of a large monastery containing a garden of palm trees, a cistern, a church, and monks’ cells have been discovered there (Johnson, 1910-1911, p. 13). In the neighborhood, an ancient cemetery has yielded up a very fine funerary STELA (Arif, 1906, …

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