The churches of old cairo

The churches of old Cairo INTRODUCTION Cairo has been the capital of Egypt for more than one thousand years, but the actual city and history of Cairo are the legacy of many previous capitals of Egypt, of great cultural centers and successive civilizations founded there. The earliest was a predynastic settle­ment dating from the 4th […]

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St. Demiana Monastery (BILQAS)

The Pilgrimage Center of St. Demiana Monastery (BILQAS) The pilgrimage center of st. Demiana MONASTERY is situated near the town of Bilqas, which lies in the northeast region of the Nile Delta about 45 kilometers from the city of al-Mansura. A Monastery of Jimyana (Demiana) is mentioned by the historian al-Maqrizi (d. 1442), although the […]

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The Church of St. Antony Al-Maymon (BENI SUEF)

The Church of St. Antony Al-Maymon (BENI SUEF) IN AROUND THE YEAR 285, St. Antony set out for a mountain near the Nile called Pispir, where he lived twenty years before going into isolation near the Red Sea. The present-day Dayr al-Maymun, which is situated on the east bank of the Nile about thirteen miles […]

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The Monastery of Abu Fana (MINYA)

The Monastery of Abu Fana (MINYA) THE MONASTERY OF ABU FANA is situated eighteen kilometers south of al-Minya, at the edge of the Western Desert. It was named after the fourth-century hermit Apa Bane. According to the accounts of his life, Apa Bane, a gentle, wise, and humble man, lived in a pitch-dark cell for […]

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The Cliff Churches of Dayr Rifa (ASYUT)

The Cliff Churches of Dayr Rifa (ASYUT) The history of the monasteries and CHURCHES IN EGYPT (ca. twelfth century) and the historian al-Maqrizi (d. 1442) both mention monasteries in the region of Dayr Rifa. However, none of these can be identified with certainty as the monastic settlement in the northern part of the Middle and […]

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The Red Monastery (SOHAG)

The Red Monastery (SOHAG) THE MONASTERY OF ST. PSHAI is more commonly known as the Red Monastery (al-Dayr al-Ahmar). The historian al-Maqrizi (d. 1442) used this name, explaining that it was built of red bricks.96 Saint Pshai was a hermit and companion of St. Bigul, St. Shenute’s uncle. As a young boy, Shenute (d. ca. […]

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The White Monastery (SOHAG)

The White Monastery (SOHAG)  SHENUTE OF ATRIPE (d. ca. 465) was five or seven years old when his father entrusted him to his maternal uncle, the monk St. Bigul. After a vision that the boy would be a great leader of men, St. Bigul made him a monk and kept him with him. Shenute […]

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Christianity and Monasticism in al-Bahnasa according to Arabic Sources

Christianity and Monasticism in al-Bahnasa according to Arabic Sources LOCATED ABOUT two hundred kilometers south of Cairo on the western bank of Bahr Yusuf (literally, the Sea of Joseph, but actually a canal running off from the Nile), in Minya governorate, about sixteen kilometers northwest of the district of Bani Mazar, al-Bahnasa (Oxyrhynchos, or the […]

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