ALEXANDRIA Founded in 331 b.c. by Alexander the Great at the western end of the Nile Delta. An Egyptian town, Rakote, already existed there on the shore and was a fishermen’s resort. From its very beginning, Alexandria developed rapidly into one of the world’s great cities. The city replaced Memphis as the capital of Egypt …

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Karimi Guild

KARIMI GUILD One of the most important guilds of merchants in the history of the Middle East. It conducted extensive trade between the East and the West at the end of the Middle Ages, including the Karimi commerce in spices, jewelry, and precious stones, from the Far East to the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, …

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Peter V

PETER V The eighty-third patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1340-1348). Peter (Butrus) ibn Dawud was originally a monk of the Monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR); then he was chosen as abbot of DAYR SHAHRAN. He was unanimously nominated for the patriarchate one year after the decease of BENJAMIN II, his predecessor. …

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