ABGAR

Intellectual Life in Middle Egypt: The Case of the Monastery of Bawit (Sixth-Eighth Centuries)

Intellectual Life in Middle Egypt: The Case of the Monastery of Bawit (Sixth-Eighth Centuries) THE MONASTERY OF BAWIT is located on the west bank of the Nile, on the edge of the desert. The site was excavated at the beginning of the twentieth century by a team from the Institut franais d’archeologie orientale, led by …

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Monastery Of The Syrians

MONASTERY OF THE SYRIANS Built in the sixth century in Wadi al-Natrun as a result of a schism caused by Theodosian monks, who left the neighboring Monastery of St. Pshoi. By the second half of the ninth century, the monastery was simultaneously inhabited both by Syrian monks and Coptic monks. One of its most important …

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Yassa ‘Abd Al-Masih

YASSA ‘ABD AL-MASIH (1898-1959) An Egyptian scholar, with special knowledge of ecclesiastical Arabic. Although his higher education was limited to diplomas in theological studies from the Coptic Clerical College (1922) and in archaeology from the Egyptian University, now Cairo University, he distinguished himself through his own independent efforts in the study of the Coptic language. …

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Magic

MAGIC The art of pretending to accomplish actions with the help of supernatural forces contrary to the laws of nature. Coptic magic is a particularly rich field for studying the relationships of the ancient Copts with the invisible forces of heaven and hell that were part of the old Egyptian heritage (Lexa, 1925; Brier, 1980). …

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Abgar, King Of Edessa

ABGAR A king of Edessa in the first half of the first century (it would seem between 4 B.C. and A.D. 50) and the subject of a Christian legend found for the first time in Eusebius (Historia ecclesiastica 1.13.5-22). According to this version, Abgar, being ill, writes a letter to Jesus asking him to visit …

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