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Synesius (C. 370-C. 414) - Coptic Wiki

SYNESIUS (c. 370-c. 414)

The bishop of Ptolemais. Born at in the Pentapolis to a wealthy pagan family, he was brought up as a pagan and sent by his parents to complete his higher education in under HYPATIA, the famous Neoplatonist philosopher, to whom he became attached and remained loyal despite the hostility of the Christian hierarchy to Hypatia, culminating in her murder in 415. In 403 married a Christian and became closely acquainted with Theophilus (385-412), under whose influence he was converted to Christianity and led a successful embassy to the imperial court at Constantinople. In 410 his fame spread over his native country, where his Christian coreligionists selected him to succeed the deceased bishop of Ptolemais; the choice was submitted to Theophilus, who decided to accept his nomination in spite of certain irregularities: was a married man, and although a convert, he was not yet formally baptized.

Since was a Neoplatonist follower of Hypatia, most of his principal writings before his conversion were philosophical but imbued with spirituality. They included a set of Egyptian tales entitled De providentia, De regno, and De dona astrolabii. Most of his letters, sermons, and a collection of Christian hymns belong to his period.


  • Altaner, B. Patrology. Edinburgh and London, 1960.
  • Tando, J. C. The Life and Times of of Cyrene. Washington, D.C., 1940.