A professor of Near Eastern history at the -Albrechts University of Kiel.

He was born at Tanta (Egypt), and received his education at the University of Alexandria. In 1961 he obtained a doctorate from Hamburg University.

His active academic service included the posts of chief cataloger at the University of from 1947 to 1954, lecturer in at Hamburg University from 1961 to 1978, and professor of Near Eastern History at Kiel University from 1979 until his death in 1987. He was also a history professor at the University of Utah from 1970 to 1974. numerous articles, he wrote and edited some major volumes in German and Arabic, including Handelsgeschichte Ägyptens im Spätmittelalter (Wiesbaden, 1965) and al-Turkumani’s Chronicle (Cairo, 1986).