Seth

SETH

A eighth-century archimandrite of Apa Shenute. Both the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS and the SYNAXARION of the Copts tell us very little about Seth. We know only that he was archimandrite of the White Monastery (DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH) at the beginning of the eighth century. The Synaxarion calls him “the greatest of the abbots of the monasteries of Egypt.” He was celebrated for the cures that he effected and the miracles that occurred at his tomb.

This Seth is mentioned in the typika of the White Monastery (Leiden, Insinger 36c-d, ed. Pleyte and Boeser, p. 195; Mingarelli, pp. 51-55; Vienna, Staatsbibliothek K9731, Wessely, no. 264). He is also mentioned in a fragment of a lectionary preserved in Cairo, Coptic Museum, no. 9225 (Munier, p. 13).

The History of the Patriarchs mentions him in the notice devoted to the patriarch ALEXANDER II (705-730), with MATTHEW THE POOR, JOHN HEGUMENOS OF SCETIS, and ABRAHAM AND GEORGE OF SCETIS, as one of the saints who lived in the time of Alexander.

In a Coptic manuscript in Van Lantschoot’s collection there is mention of a church, situated south of the White Monastery, dedicated to Seth and to CLAUDIUS, the anchorite.

The Luxor manuscript of the Upper Egyptian recension of the Synaxarion of the Copts gives a very short report of his life at 29 Tubah (Coquin, 1978, p. 361).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Coquin, R.-G. “Le Synaxaire des Coptes: Un nouveau témoin de la recension de Haute-Egypte.” Analecta Bollandiana 96 (1978):351-65.
  • Lantschoot, A. van. Recueil des colophons des manuscrits chrétiens d’Egypte. Bibliothèque du Muséon 1. Louvain, 1929.
  • Mingarelli, L. G. Aegyptiorum codicum reliquiae Venetiis in Bibliotheca Naniana asservatae, Vol. 2. Bologna, 1785.
  • Munier, H. Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire. Manuscrits coptes. Cairo, 1916.
  • Pleyte, Willem, and Pieter A. A. Boeser. Manuscrits coptes du Musée d’antiquités des Pays-Bas à Leide. Leiden, 1897.
  • Wessely, C. Studien zur Palaeographie und Papyruskunde, Vol. 18. Leipzig, 1917.

RENÉ-GEORGES COQUIN

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