SETH

A eighth-century archimandrite of Apa Shenute. Both the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS and the SYNAXARION of the Copts tell us very little about Seth. We know only that he was archimandrite of the White Monastery (DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH) at the beginning of the eighth century. The Synaxarion calls him “the greatest of the abbots of the of Egypt.” He was celebrated for the cures that he effected and the miracles that occurred at his tomb.

This Seth is mentioned in the of the White Monastery (Leiden, 36c-d, ed. and Boeser, p. 195; Mingarelli, pp. 51-55; Vienna, Staatsbibliothek K9731, Wessely, no. 264). He is also mentioned in a fragment of a lectionary preserved in Cairo, Coptic Museum, no. 9225 (Munier, p. 13).

The History of the Patriarchs mentions him in the notice devoted to the patriarch II (705-730), with MATTHEW THE POOR, JOHN HEGUMENOS OF SCETIS, and ABRAHAM AND GEORGE OF SCETIS, as one of the saints who lived in the time of Alexander.

In a in Van Lantschoot’s collection there is mention of a church, situated south of the White Monastery, dedicated to Seth and to CLAUDIUS, the anchorite.

The Luxor manuscript of the Upper Egyptian of the Synaxarion of the Copts gives a very short report of his life at 29 Tubah (Coquin, 1978, p. 361).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Coquin, R.-G. “Le Synaxaire des Coptes: Un nouveau témoin de la de Haute-Egypte.” Analecta Bollandiana 96 (1978):351-65.
  • Lantschoot, A. van. Recueil des colophons des manuscrits chrétiens d’Egypte. Bibliothèque du Muséon 1. Louvain, 1929.
  • Mingarelli, L. G. Aegyptiorum codicum reliquiae Venetiis in Bibliotheca Naniana asservatae, Vol. 2. Bologna, 1785.
  • Munier, H. général des antiquités égyptiennes du du Caire. Manuscrits coptes. Cairo, 1916.
  • Pleyte, Willem, and Pieter A. A. Boeser. Manuscrits coptes du d’antiquités des Pays-Bas à Leide. Leiden, 1897.
  • Wessely, C. Studien zur Palaeographie und Papyruskunde, Vol. 18. Leipzig, 1917.