Saint Camoul, Or Chamoul

SAINT CAMOUL, or Chamoul

A martyr under DIOCLETIAN (feast day: 16 Bashans). Lacking a first part, the text of his Passion has survived in fragments from only one Sahidic codex (British Library, London, Pap. V, ed. Winstedt, 1910, pp. 169ff.).

The action opens with Camoul in prison under the governor Pompeius. He has obviously been tortured, and has miraculously been healed; he then has a vision of Christ, who foretells his glorious end. The text is followed by various miracles performed by him in prison, further torture, and death.

Julius of Aqfahs (Kbehs) intervenes and has the body taken first to the martyr’s hometown of Kellia, near Tarabia in the eastern Delta, and then to Peremun, where various miracles take place. The story continues with Julius in the leading role; he persuades Armenius to spare many Christians, who are then saved by the advent of Constantine after the death of Diocletian. Julius welcomes them, and they live in his house until their death.

This is a central text of the Cycle of Julius of Aqfahs, because Julius does not appear (as is often the case) simply as a witness but in a leading role. Even so, one has the impression that when it was composed, the Cycle of Julius was already well established and that the part referring to him was added to a preexisting text about Camoul. This could have taken place in about the seventh century.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Winstedt, E. O. Coptic Texts on Saint Theodore the General, St. Theodore the Eastern, Chamoul and Justus. London and Oxford, 1910.

TITO ORLANDI

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