SAINT ANUB

A martyr under Diocletion (feast day: 24 Abib). His has come down in only one Bohairic manuscript (Rome, Vatican Library, 66, fols. 233-68; Balestri and Hyvernat, 1908, Vol. I, pp. 200-241).

The text opens with the usual situation, in which Diocletian sends out an edict to the whole empire ordering sacrifices to the Roman gods. The edict reaches the dux Armenius in Alexandria, who sends it to Cyprianus, prefect of Atrib. An account of various episodes of martyrdom follows. After hearing a sermon in church, Anub, who lives at Naesi, near Atrib, distributes his possessions among the poor and goes to the prefect Lysia in Cemnuti, who has also begun the persecution.

In a vision, the Archangel MICHAEL exhorts Anub to martyrdom, after which occurs the first exchange of words with Lysia, who takes Anub to Atrib. At this point another argument with Cyprianus takes place, followed by torture, which is without effect. Other forms of torture are described, and also a vision.

In the end Anub is sent to Armenius in Alexandria, where a further exchange of words and further torture take place. Julius of Aqfahs visits Anub in prison, after which Anub is martyred. This is followed by the “signature” of Julius of Aqfahs.

The text is a typical production of the late Coptic hagiographical school and is included in particular in the Cycle of Julius of Aqfahs. (see HAGIOGRAPHY; CYCLES). It can be dated to the seventh/eighth centuries.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Balestri, I., and H. Hyvernat, eds. Acta Martyrum, 2 vols. 43, 44.
  • Baumeister, T. Martyr Invictus. Der Märtyrer als Sinnbild der Erlösung in der Legende und im Kult der frühen Kirche. Münster, 1972.

TITO ORLANDI