Regula, Saint

REGULA, SAINT

A third-century who, along with her brother, Saint FELIX, was a member of the THEBAN and was martyred near the fortress of Turicum (Zurich) (feast day: 1 Tut). The was at the hands of DECIUS, Roman of the region under Emperor Maximian. According to legend, during her martyrdom, Regula survived even after being dipped into boiling cobbler’s wax and being forced to drink glowing lead. Like her comrades, she was beheaded, and with them she arose, carrying her head, and walked forty ells uphill to her resting place.

Along with and Saint EXUPERANTIUS, also in the legion, Regula occupies a special place in the history of Zurich. Two great churches, the Grossmünster and the Wasserkirche, and a significant cloister beyond the river Limmat as well as the Frauenmünster, were erected to honor and house the of the saints. The headless figures of Felix, Regula, and Exuperantius, heads in hands, are depicted on the coats of arms of both the city and the canton of Zurich.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Hottinger, J. H. “Divorum Felicis, Regulae et Exuperantii.” In Historia ecclesiastica, Vol. 8. Tiguri, 1667.
  • Müller, J. Geschichte der heiligen Märtyrer und Regula. Altdorf, 1904.
  • Schneider, G., and D. Gutscher. “Zürich in römischer Zeit.” Zeitschrift Turicum 4 (1980-1981).
  • Ulrich, J. J. Von dem alten wahrhaften catholischen Glauben St. und St. Regula. Bodmer, 1628.
  • Vogelin, S. “Der Grossmünster in Zürich.” der Antiquarischen Gesellschaft in Zürich 1 (1941).

SAMIR GIRGIS