The Latin papa and the Greek pappas means simply “father.” The title “pope” has been in use from the early third century for the bishops of . The title of the patriarch of is “ and patriarch of the great city of Alexandria and of all Egypt, the Pentapolis, Nubia, the Sudan, Libya, Ethiopia, and all Africa, and all countries of the preaching of St. Mark.” The title “pope” belongs also to the of Rome. In a council at Rome in1073, Pope Gregory VII prohibited the use of this title by any other other than the Bishop of Rome.