Tradition says that the Apostle ‘s first convert in Alexandria was the cobbler. later consecrated Anianus as the first bishop of the new church. Eusebius of Caesarea was the first author to mention the story of the succession of in his book Church History.

This tradition is developed in later sources such as the and the Coptic Synaxarion to include many details. Unfortunately the entire Coptic version of the History of the Patriarchs did not survive; hence, we do not know exactly the origin of this story. is commemorated in the Coptic on the 20th Hathor. According to Western tradition, the relics of Anianus were transferred to Venice in the 12th century.