ORIENTATION TOWARD THE EAST

In , it is written that is the Sun of Righteousness (Mal. 4:2). The toward the East. The glorious will appear in the East, in which He will come to the living and the dead. Christ described it as follows: “For as the lightning cometh out of the east and shineth even unto the west, so shall also the coming of the Son of Man be” (Matt. 24:27).

presented the Church as a ship sailing toward the east and toward heavenly paradise. In the third century , in his book on , highlighted that prayer should be oriented toward the east. In the fourth century, according to Lactancius, in his poem De ave Phoenice, which was inspired from the book of the , the (which is a representation of Christ) flies toward the east. Also in the same century, the , written in , mentioned that prayer should be oriented toward the east.

During the of , it is stated that the were praying toward the east while the were praying toward the west. Excavation of the site of Fag al-Gamous in Fayoum showed that the orientation of the corpses before the second century was eastward. A change to the opposite direction of orientation of the body was also noticed during the same era of .

, in the rite during the of Satan, the person to be baptized is required to look toward the west, and stretch out his right hand and say, “I renounce thee, Satan.” Then he turns toward the east and stretching both hands says, “I join myself to Thee, Christ.”

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