Oriental Orthodox Churches


The appellation was chosen for the 1965 Addis Ababa of the non-Chalcedonian churches, in order to distinguish them from the Eastern churches, which are Chalcedonian. The participating churches were the Coptic, the Ethiopian, the Syrian, the Armenian, and the Indian, the five churches that rejected the of the Council of CHALCEDON in 451. They were represented by delegations composed of ecclesiastics and laymen, headed by their patriarchs, except for the Armenians, who were represented by their two catholicoses, those of Echmiadzin and Cilicia.

The conference, which was held on the initiative, and at the invitation, of Emperor SELASSIE, was an important event in history. The heads of these churches had not met in person since the in 431, over fifteen centuries earlier. The conference, held on 15-21 January 1965, was preceded by a period of consultation (9-14 January).

The adopted embodied in three resolutions and a long declaration, comprising a preamble and six chapters: “The Modern World and the Churches,” “ on Education,” “ on Evangelism,” “Relations with Other Churches,” “Machinery for the Maintenance of Permanent Relations Among the Churches,” and “Statement on Peace and Justice in the World.” A standing committee, with an interim secretariat, was appointed by the and held several meetings in the following years.