Mikha’il Ibn Butrus


The protopsaltis of the patriarchate of Alexandria in 1790. This position as “first singer” corresponds to the “precentor,” who directs the two choirs during the services (cf. Clugnet, 1895, p. 132).

This was the position he occupied when he copied a manuscript containing the psalter and the biblical hymns, probably for the use of the patriarchal church of Alexandria (Sinai 42). The colophon (fol. 172b) tells us of his position and the date on which he completed the copying, 4 September 1790.

  • Atiya, A. S., and J. N. Youssef. Catalogue raisonné of the Mount Sinai Manuscripts, p. 96. Alexandria, 1980.
  • Clugnet, L. Dictionnaire grec-français des noms liturgiques usage dans l’église grecque. Paris, 1895.