MARIUS JEAN JOSEPH CHAÎNE (1873-1960)

A French Coptologist. He was born at Tarascon, Bouches-du-Rhône, and was trained for the priesthood and later became an abbot. He studied under Joseph Halévy at the des Hautes Etudes. Among his Coptic publications are Compendium morphologiae copticae (Rome, 1910) and Eléments de dialectale copte (Paris, 1933), which gave a simultaneous account of the four principal Coptic dialects, Bohairic, Sahidic, Akhmimic, and Fayyumic. Afterward he produced Notions de égyptienne, Vol. 1, du Moyen Empire, and Vol. 2, du Nouvel Empire, le néo-égyptien, ses rapports avec le moyen-égyptien et coptes (Paris, 1938-1942).

He also wrote La Chronologie des temps chrétiens de l’ et de l’Ethiopie (Paris, 1925), coptes assioutiques (Paris, 1934), Le Verbe copte (Paris, 1945), and Le Manuscrit de la version en dialecte sahidique des ‘Apophthegmata Patrum’ (Cairo, 1960). He died at the Cistercian Abbey of Sainte-Marie-du-Désert, Bellegarde-Sainte- Marie, Haute-Garonne.

  • Dawson, W. R., and E. P. Uphill. Who Was Who in Egyptology, pp. 57-58. London, 1972.
  • Guillaumont, A. de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale 61 (1962):11-13.
  • Kammerer, W., comp. A Coptic Bibliography. Ann Arbor, Mich.; 1950; repr. New York, 1969.

AZIZ S.