Macrobius (Makrawi), Saint

MACROBIUS (Makrawi), SAINT

A fourth-century of Nikiou, who was martyred under DIOCLETIAN (feastday: 2 Baramhat). Only one very brief fragment of his Passion survives in Bohairic (National Library, Paris, Copte, 151, 1; ed. Devos, 1949), but the “original” text can be reconstructed through an encomium in his honor written by Mena of Pshati (ed. Hyvernat, 1886-1887, pp. 225-46) and through the summary in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION.

This text begins with the career of the martyr, who becomes and is noted for his zeal. Two emissaries of Diocletian have him arrested. There are then the usual scenes of courtroom questioning and of torture. Macrobius is then sent to Alexandria, where Armenius places him in prison. Here he has a vision of and performs many miracles. He is taken into court again and tortured, but is healed by an angel. Armenius tries to have him drowned, casting him adrift in a boat, but without success; he then tortures him anew. Finally Macrobius is beheaded and his body is taken to his home town of Shmum.

This Passion was constructed in connection with the Cycle of of Aqahs and its structure reveals late features that can be dated to between the seventh and eighth centuries.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Baumeister, T. Martyr Invictus. Der Märtyrer als Sinnbild der Erlösung in der Legende und im Kult der frühen koptischen Kirche, p. 121. Münster, 1972.
  • Devos, P. “Le Fragment survivant de la Passion Copte de S. Macrobe ( Copt. 151).” Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949):153-64.
  • Hyvernat, H. Les Actes des martyrs de l’Egypte tirés des coptes de la Bibliothèque Vaticane et du Musée Borgia. Paris, 1886-1887.

TITO ORLANDI