LOBSH

An Arabic term (from Coptic lobs (lobsh), crown, consummation) used for the title of the final stanza in certain hymns. A lobsh serves as a conclusion for THEOTOKIA except on Sunday. The lobsh of the theotokia of has two sections known as the first and second SHARAH. The many lobsh of the theotokia for Monday and Tuesday are to an melody. Those for Wednesday through are sung to a melody. A Lobsh Adam (sometimes called ) follows the first and second odes (see HOS), but the second , which follows the third ode, is properly a Lobsh .

It should be noted that the Lobsh Watus varies according to the season. Thus, there is one for the of the and the days of rejoicing, another for the month of Kiyahk, and so on. These are in addition to the one used for the remainder of the year (al-Lahn al- Sanawi) and sometimes called Bikawarnidas.

In Al-Absalmudiyyah al-Muqaddasah al-Kiyahkiyyah (1911), additional sections, each called a lobsh, are written after each lobsh of the odes and theotokia, and are concluded by a TARH.

Those additional lobsh sections given after the original lobsh of each theotokia are in fact selections of the various explanations, interpretations, or paraphrases given in detail in the manuscripts published by De Lacy O’Leary. Their use is optional.

[See also Music, Coptic: Description.]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Al-Absalmudiyyah al-Muqaddasah al-Kiyahkiyyah (Psalmodia for the Month of Kiyahk). Cairo, 1911. Reprinted Cairo, 1982.
  • Kitab al-Absalmudiyyah al-Sanawiyyah al-Muqaddasah (Psalmodia for the Whole Year). Cairo, 1986.
  • O’Leary, De L. The Coptic Theotokia. London, 1923.

EMILE MAHER ISHAQ