The patriarch or a bishop must consecrate the liturgical instruments of the Coptic Church, as well as everything worn or used during the services, as part of the general process of consecration. The liturgical instruments consist of the following:
- Basin and ewer: used to wash the priest’s hands before the Divine Liturgy.
- Candelabrum: a large ornamental candlestick.
- Censer: a metal bowl in which incense is added to the glowing Three chains are attached to it, which end with a small domelike lid and a hook. (Sometimes the censer is not considered a liturgical instrument).
- Cross: a small cross held in the hand of the priest or the deacon.
- Cruet: a small vessel with a secure lid, where wine and water are placed.
- Eucharistic bread basket: a large wicker basket, with a cross-embroidered lining, used to hold the loaves baked for the Eucharist.
- Fan: made of ostrich or peacock feathers, or linen cloth woven at times with fine threads of metal. Used in the church during the Divine Liturgy to drive away flies and other insects from near the It usually carries a drawing of the six-winged cherubim.
- Gospel: a case of shiny metal that is placed on the altar during church services. Within it is contained a copy of the New Testament, or just the four Gospels, in either the Coptic or Arabic language.
- Incense box: used to place incense and is usually made of silver or carved wood. It is placed on the altar on the right side of the officiating priest. A small spoon for scooping the incense onto the coal is usually placed in the incense box.
However, Severus of Ashmunein in his book The Order of the Priesthood did not include the censer, the cruet, the incense box, or the throne of the chalice among the consecrated instruments of the altar.