INSTRUMENTS

The or a must consecrate the of the , as well as everything worn or used during the services, as part of the general process of consecration. The liturgical instruments consist of the following:

  • and ewer: used to wash the ’s hands before the Divine .
  • Candelabrum: a large candlestick.
  • : a metal bowl in which incense is added to the glowing Three chains are attached to it, which end with a small domelike lid and a hook. (Sometimes the censer is not considered a liturgical instrument).
  • Cross: a small cross held in the hand of the priest or the .
  • Cruet: a small vessel with a secure lid, where wine and water are placed.
  • Eucharistic bread : a large wicker , with a cross-embroidered lining, used to hold the baked for the .
  • Fan: made of ostrich or peacock feathers, or linen cloth at times with fine threads of metal. Used in the church during the Liturgy to drive away flies and other from near the It usually carries a drawing of the six-winged cherubim.
  • Gospel: a case of shiny metal that is placed on the during church services. Within it is contained a copy of the New Testament, or just the four , in either the Coptic or .
  • Incense : used to place incense and is usually made of silver or wood. It is placed on the altar on the right side of the officiating priest. A small spoon for scooping the incense onto the coal is usually placed in the incense box.

However, of Ashmunein in his book The Order of the Priesthood did not include the censer, the cruet, the incense box, or the throne of the chalice among the consecrated instruments of the altar.

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