A . The within the anti-Chalcedonian parties between Julian of Halicarnasus and Severus of Antioch led to the choice of two after the of the Patriarch Timothy of Alexandria (517-535): Theodosius (for the Severian party) and Gaianus (for the Julianist party). Although Theodosius received the most number of votes, his consecration was not accomplished due to a revolt, and hence Gaianus was instated. However, even his appointment was short-lived, for an banished him to Carthage. Nevertheless, Gaianus received strong support in until the year 580 a.d.

The of Julian of Halicarnasus intimates that Christ has one nature, and hence an incorruptible nature. Accordingly, his assumes that Christ did not have a human nature. The information that has been passed down regarding the doctrines of Julian of Halicarnasus comes predominantly from his opponents, such as Anastasius Sinait and John of Damascus. The History of the , which was written long after these events, provides a simplistic overview.