JULIAN (d. after 518)

A of Halicarnassus who was a leader of MONOPHYSITISM. Because he was opposed to the orthodox view of the nature of Christ declared at the Council of CHALCEDON, Julian was deposed from his see in Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum, Turkey) and fled to Alexandria, a center of monophysitism. There he became the leader of the religious party known to its opponents as Julianists, or Aphthartodocetae (supporters of the doctrine of incorruptibility, aphtharsia, of the body of Christ), or Phantasiastae (supporters of the teaching of a merely phenomenal body of Christ). In fact, Julian taught that the body of Christ “was free of corruption from the moment of union” rather than from only.

In the days of His flesh Christ was free from the “corruption” that infected all flesh; for as the Son of Man, he was homoousios (consubstantial) with Adam before the Fall, not with man in his present fallen state. Inevitably, this doctrine seemed to suggest analogies with the of an earlier century, a view that the humanity of Christ, especially His body, was “apparent” rather than real. Julian was refuted by other opponents of Chalcedon, notably the moderate SEVERUS, patriarch of Antioch, against whom Julian wrote four works. A large series of fragments of these in and have survived. Some of his also have been recovered.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Bardenhewer, O. der altchristlichen Literatur, Vol. 5, pp. 2-6. Repr. Darmstadt, 1962.
  • Draguet, R. Julien d’Halicarnasse et sa controverse avec Sévère d’Antioche sur l’incorruptibilité du Christ. Louvain, 1924. Fragments in and Greek.
  • . “Pièces de polémique antijulianiste.” Le Muséon 44 (1931):255-317; 54 (1941):59-89.
  • Jugie, M. “Julien d’Halicarnasse et Sévère d’Antioche.” Echos d’Orient 24 (1925):129-66, 256-85.
  • Sanda, A., ed. Severi Antijulianistica. Beirut, 1931.

MARTINIANO PELLEGRINO RONCAGLIA