Johann Georg


Prince of Saxony (1869-1938). art historian and traveler. He was the son of Prince Georg and Maria of Portugal. He studied the history of art, national economy, and philosophy at Freiburg and Leipzig (1888-1891). Then, until 1918, he pursued a military career, becoming commander of a brigade. From the end of the nineteenth century, he traveled to all the countries of Europe and many of the Near East and Egypt. In 1910 he visited Saint Catherine’s Monastery at Sinai, the churches of Old Cairo, and the monasteries of Wadi al-Natrun, accompanied by Murqus Simaykah. They traveled to the south as far as Nubia.

During his travels to Egypt in 1927, 1928, and 1930, Johann Georg was accompanied by J. Sauer. He published reports (Kammerer, 1950, p. 183) and books, with plates, about his travels that are still useful: Streifzüge durch die Kirchen und Klöster Ägyptens (Leipzig, 1914); Neue Streifzüge durch die Kirchen und Klöster Ägyptens (Leipzig, 1930); Neueste Streifzüge durch die Klöster Ägyptens (Leipzig, 1931); and Koptische Klöster der Gegenwart (Aachen, 1918).

On his fiftieth birthday he received a festschrift, Ehrengabe deutscher Wissenschaft dargeboten dem Prinzen Johann Georg Herzog zu Sachen zum 50. Geburtstag von katholischen Gelehrten (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1920). The bibliography compiled for his sixtieth birthday was reprinted in 1981. His collection, which includes a number of Coptic antiquities, is now at Mainz.


  • Jeraphion, G. D. “In memoriam S. A. R. le Prince Jean Georges de Saxe.” Orientalia Christiana Periodica 5 (1939):235-38. Kammerer, W., comp. A Coptic Bibliography. Ann Arbor, Mich.; 1950; repr. New York, 1969.
  • Die Prinz Johann Georg-Sammlung des Kunstgeschichtlichen Instituts der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. Mainz, 1981.


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