Jerome (Ca. 349-Ca. 419)

JEROME (ca. 349-ca. 419)

A Monk, scholar. He was born at Strido, near Aquileia at the head of the Adriatic. He studied in Rome, where he was baptized. He devoted himself to asceticism. He moved to the Syrian Desert near Chalcis, where he began learning and Greek with intense study of the scriptures. In he attended the Catechetical School of Alexandria under Origen and visited Coptic monasteries. From 382 to 385, he was back in Rome, where he became a secretary to Pope Damasus I. Jerome’s greatest achievement was the translation of most of the into Latin from Greek and Hebrew.

The vulgate became the version that the Church used almost exclusively throughout its until modern times. wrote many commentaries and translated several works of Origen and Eusibius of Caesarae into Latin, and continued the ecclesiastica of the latter. He combated fiercely Arianism, Pelagianism, and Origenism. In 404, he translated the cenobitic, or communal, rules of St. Pachomius into Latin from a Greek translation, which had been made for him from the Coptic text.