JACOB OF SARUJ (Ya‘qub al-Saruji, 451-521)

Syrian writer. He was born at Kurtam on the Euphrates and was probably educated at . He became a priest and served at Hawra in the Saruj district of . During the time of the Persian domination of parts of , he rallied the with his letters. He became bishop at Batnae (Batnan) at the age of sixty-seven.

He was called “the Flute of the and the Harp of the Believing Faith.” An incessant, voluminous writer, he is said to have composed 760 metrical , as well as other prose works, letters, and . The verse works are largely in the Jacobite twelve-syllable meter. His writing does not emphasize his own Monophysite religious affiliation, and translated into Arabic from , it makes up an important part of the nonbiblical reading lessons for and Copts.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • Bedjam, P., ed. Homilae Selectae Mar Jacobi Sarugensis, ed. P. Bedjan. 5 vols. Paris and Leipzig, 1905-1910 (Syriac text). McLean, N. “Jacob of Serugh.” In Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. 15, pp. 114-15. New York, 1911.
  • Olinder, G., ed. Iacobi Sarugensis Epistulae Quotquot Supersunt. Paris, 1937. Repr. in 110. Louvain, 1952.
  • Wright, W. Short History of Syriac Literature. London, 1893.

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