The hermitages of the Jabal Tafnis, a mountain chain that owes its name to the fact that it is on the latitude of Tabennese, in the valley of the Nile, are about 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Shams al-Din, almost at the summit of the rocky plateau. At the site are some small caves, which served as cells, and a spring. There are some drawings (stars of David, candlesticks), and some red among which we may recognize the names iwc/v, pauloc precb, ioseph paulos presb, the initials ic, c, is chs, and the sequence pauloc yewdwroc pectrad/lat/c, paulos theodoros pestradelates, which must be understood as “St. Paul, the commander.”

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