Ibrahim Ibn Sulayman Al-Najjar Al-Miri


An eighteenth-century copier of manuscripts. Ibrahm is mentioned nowhere, but certain elements of his life and literary activity can be reconstructed from the manuscripts he copied. These are now found in Cairo, at and the Coptic Patriarchate.

His ethnic surname shows that he came from Mir, a place probably situated between al-Qusiyyah and Manfalut. He was probably a carpenter by trade, but he abandoned this name once he was ordained a priest. It seems he soon settled in Cairo, if indeed he was not born there. He wrote both Arabic and Coptic equally well.

At the request of the 103rd patriarch, XVI (1676-1718), in 1702 he copied a of the consecration of CHRISM and holy oil in Coptic and Arabic, a liturgical poem for the patriarch in Arabic, and an account of how the chrism should be placed in the vessels. At this date he was still a layman.

At the request of Mu‘allim ‘Awad al-Mahallawi, in 1709 he copied a collection of 149 poems in simple literary Arabic, composed by Anba Bistawrah known as al-Hariri (Coptic Patriarchate, Theology 290; Graf, no. 533; Simaykah, no. 333).

In 1720 he copied a lectionary in Coptic for the Sundays from to Pentecost and for certain feasts. By this time he had been ordained a priest and was the parish priest of Barbarah in Old Cairo (Coptic Museum, Cairo, Liturgy 318; Simaykah, no. 210; Graf, no. 690).

At the request of the archon al-Mu‘allim Bisharah Abu Yuhanna al-Tukhi, in 1729 he copied a lectionary for the Sundays of the first six months of the year in Arabic only. This was given as a bequest by the archon to the Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus at Old Cairo. At this date, Ibrahim was a still serving at the Church of Barbarah at Old Cairo (Coptic Museum, Liturgy 287; Simaykah, no. 212; Graf, no. 687).

In 1743, he copied the 151 Psalms and the Canticles in two columns, Coptic and Arabic. He donated this to the Church of Barbarah (Coptic Patriarchate, 7; Simaykah, no. 82; Graf, no. 275).

Last, in December 1749, Hegumenos Ibrahim copied, at the request of Manqariyus Abu Bisharah, a collection in Arabic of an essentially character, containing the of the Apostles, the CANONS OF CLEMENT, the eighty-one Apostolic Canons, and two homilies for 3 Nasi in honor of the Michael and Raphael (Coptic Patriarchate, Canon 28; Graf, no. 553; Simaykah, no. 573). This was given as a bequest to the of Harit al-Rum in Cairo, by Anba Athanasius, who was probably bishop of Abu Tij.


  • Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’Egypte a l’époque copte, p. 402. Paris, 1893.
  • Coquin, C. Les Edifices chrétiens du Vieux-Caire, Vol. 1, p. 122. Bibliothèque d’études coptes 11. Cairo, 1974.
  • Graf, G. Catalogue de manuscrits arabes chrétiens conservés au Caire, pp. 108 (no. 275), 200 (no. 533), 208 (no. 553), 253-54 (nos. 687 and 690). Vatican City, 1934.